Must-Know Tips on Cardiovascular Risk Detection and Reduction: Case Study
To keep control of their health, biohackers regularly undergo numerous tests and complete various medical investigations. Besides, they focus on the comprehensive physical examination allowing them to control diverse body indicators. Therefore, supporters of the movement can duly identify risks of different diseases and take measures for eliminating them.
Journalist has made sure first-hand that a single analysis can extremely change an overall picture of health and find out the reasons for the increasing probability of cardiovascular disease (CVD) progression. The article describes the journalist’s experience in detail.
Cardiovascular diseases and risk recognition calculators: must-know
According to the World Health Organization, 17.5 million people die from CVD annually. There are a lot of factors damaging vessels: hypertension, smoking, high cholesterol and glucose level, couch-potato lifestyle.
Currently, there is plenty of methods and calculators helping to assess CVD risks. They produce a result based on statistical data obtained as part of medical trials. Following these risk models, doctors decide what treatment is appropriate for patients.
The main disadvantage of similar calculators is that they take into account a limited list of body indicators to define the level of risks, neglecting individual human features.
Experts mention that many factors affect the development of heart attacks, blood strokes, and other cardiovascular disorders: bad habits, psychological health, microflora condition, genetic traits, etc. Thus, one should take into account a wide list of body marks to estimate the actual probability of such diseases.
How to detect cardiovascular disease risks: Maxim Kashulinsky’s experience
“How to increase the death risk two and a half times? It turns out that you should not necessarily get behind the wheel drunk or work in the asbestos mine… It is enough to pass a single analysis showing that your body is not quite well as it seems,” this is how Maxim Kashulinsky starts his article where he shares his first-hand experience in assessing CVD risks.
The journalist said that he led a healthy life, went in for sports, and thoroughly took care of his health. The only trouble he faced was elevated blood pressure. It ranged between 120/80 mm Hg and 140/90 mm Hg.
Given standard factors taking into account during CVD risk calculations, Maxim’s rate was only 2.3%, suggesting the low probability. However, a range of medical investigations showed that this result was wrong.
Apart from conventional analyses, Maxim decided to measure the carotid intimal medial thickness (CIMT). Intima and media are inner and external coats of vessels. Even small thickening of vessel walls means the beginning of the atherosclerotic process or the existence of atherosclerotic plaques.
The investigation results showed that the CIMT thickness of Maxim’s one or two red vessels was 1.1 mm. The normal range is 0.9 mm. Therefore, the journalist’s attending physician decided to examine carefully the results of his routine analyses, including the cholesterol level ones.
Maxim received an appointment to the lipoprotein (a) test as additional diagnostics. It is these compounds that affect the formation of atherosclerotic plaques. The test outcome showed that the level of this substance was threefold higher.
To estimate the condition of heart vessels, Maxim had to complete the third checkup: multislice computed tomography (MSCT). It unveils how much calcium is accumulated in large vessels surrounding the heart and supplying it with blood. The normal finding is the full absence of this substance. Calcium means a symptom of atherosclerosis. The checkup passed by Maxim revealed that his general Cardiac Calcium Score amounting to 34.9 was the normal range.
The journalist took into account the result of the latter analysis when calculating once again cardiovascular disease risks. Then, he figured out the indicator grew from 2.3% to 6%, typical to the high-risk category. Well, a single test extremely transformed the patient’s vision of his own health.
Measures for decreasing cardiovascular disease risks
To reduce detected risks, Maxim decided to take the following measures:
- the decrease in the blood cholesterol level. He consumes statin drugs that decrease the production of cholesterol in liver. The second step was a low-fat diet;
- pressure control. This measure implies regular measurements of the blood pressure level;
- physical activity. The best possible option is moderate intensity;
- stress management. It requires sleep normalization. Daily sleep should last at least 7-8 hours. The emotional state can be improved by meditation and communication with close people.
How to detect health risks on time: tips
Not only does Maxim share his personal experience in his article, but he also gives a list of tips on duly determining health problems.
The first tip: measure the blood pressure not less than once in six months. In case of hypertension (more than 120/80 mm Hg), you should see a doctor.
To keep control of your health and be aware of body processes, Maxim recommends undergoing the following medical trials:
- a cholesterol test, including lipoprotein (a);
- a C-reactive protein test. The high content of this substance can highlight inflammation or atherosclerosis;
- a blood glucose test. The redundancy of this substance can damage vessel walls;
- the carotid artery ultrasound. The investigation will allow you to assess the condition of neck vessels in general and to define atherosclerotic plaques, artery diminution, and vessel flexures. All of these changes lead to blood stroke;
- MSCT diagnostics. This analysis should be passed if one or all of the above-mentioned tests show abnormalities.
Besides, Maxim stresses the importance of preventive measures. It is primarily referred to people whose relatives have suffered from heart attacks of blood strokes.
According to Maxim Kashulinsky, you should thoroughly monitor your health indicators and start treating even despite the absence of obvious symptoms in order to prevent heart and vessel diseases as well as prolong your life.