Physical Training and Sports: Health Improvement or Athlete’s Career?
Sports and physical training are one of the most efficient ways to improve and keep health. Physically active people fall sick rarer, live longer, and feel better. However, when it comes to professional athletes, it turns out that sports can be not only beneficial but also harmful.
What is the difference between sports and physical training? Why can physical exercises not only enhance health but also cause damage to the body? What is the role of sports doctors? These issues are revealed in the article.
Sports and physical training: what is the difference?
Scientists and health professionals from different countries have proved multiple times that sports and physical training strengthen health. Nevertheless, not all people realize that these terms are different. Let’s examine in detail their features and distinctions.
Physical training is an integral part of the healthy lifestyle. It means physical activity allowing individuals to build up and recover their bodies, improve health and appearance (growing thin, building up muscle). It supposes the accomplishment of various physical exercises but does not require the compliance with severe rules and the participation in competitions.
Sports is a systematic training activity allowing to enhance health, improve a physical condition of the body, as well as achieve good results and victories in competitions.
Sports is divided into amateur and professional ones.
- Professional sports implies the routine work on advancing physical performance in order to gain wins in competitions and obtain a financial benefit.
- Amateur sports, according to the Olympic Charter, is what people do voluntarily, for pleasure and physical development. Amateur athletes do not get financial benefits.
Physical training suggests moderate intensity and absence of strict rules concerning the frequency of training activity. Professional sports means vigorous physical activity, regular training, and certain exercises for each kind of sports.
Advantages of physical training
Routine physical activity positively affects both psychological and physical human health.
Physical training helps to:
- strengthen a musculoskeletal system. As part of training, a muscle bulk is built up, bones become resistant to loads, the amount of oxygen in the body increases, the lymph flow to articular cartilages and intervertebral discs is improved;
- prevent the development of many diseases: osteoporosis, arthrosis, osteochondrosis, disc prolapse, heart attack, blood stroke, mental depression, etc.;
- enhance the cardiovascular system operation;
- optimize respiratory organ functions;
- reinforce the immune system. The average body temperature grows during training, resulting in the death of hostile viruses and bacteria. Besides, it boosts the resistance to some contagious diseases;
- upgrade the overall condition of the body. Physical exercises heighten the working efficiency, sleep quality, movement speed, sustaining power, strength, as well as regulate metabolism and make mood better;
- become more beautiful and attractive. Physically active people lose excess pounds, gain a wonderful and slim figure, and have a correct posture.
Biohackers, like nobody else, have already realized the importance of physical activity. For example, a biogerontologist and sports physiologist Denis Varvanets has improved the rate of Vo2Max (maximum oxygen consumption) from 37 to 61, which corresponds to the level of a Candidate Master of Sports in running, due to trainings, special drugs, and rehabilitation of weak breathing muscles.
Professional sports: why can it damage health?
“Great sport begins at a point where it has ceased to be healthy,” Bertolt Brecht, German poet and playwright, said.
Extreme loads of professional athletes can indeed negatively affect their health. Desiring for excellent results, victories in competitions, and recognition, they exhaust themselves by regular trainings and frequently feel the emotional and physical tension. It leads to premature ageing and different illnesses.
Professional athletes can face the following health problems:
- heart and vessel diseases. Constant trainings make a cardiac muscle develop so heavily that it can pump 140-160 ml blood and beat at a speed of 180 bpm. A cardiovascular system rapidly wears off because of exceptional overload, causing various diseases;
- injuries. Some damages can lead to disabilities or fatal outcome;
- occupational diseases. Swimmers suffer from asthma, sinusitis, pulmonary and ear diseases; football players, gymnasts, and ice skaters from secondary radiculitis and osteochondrosis; downhill skiers from knee joint troubles, and so on;
- stresses, depressions, psychosocial disabilities, feeling of being unwanted.
Role of sports doctors in supporting athletes’ health
Sports doctors should monitor physical and psychological health of athletes. They have managed to save life of many people.
Sports doctors have the following obligations:
- emergency medical assistance to injured athletes;
- health examinations;
- rehabilitation and recovery operations;
- health monitoring and control;
- elaboration of diets and sports procedures;
- preparation of tips on advancing health and physique;
- psychological work with athletes to support their competitive spirit, etc.
Closely interacting with sports doctors and accomplishing their recommendations and instructions, athletes can keep healthy and reach new heights.
A lot of people have heard the statement: A sound mind in a sound body. To benefit from sports as much as possible, you should not overload your body and train till you drop. Be physically active, perform reasonable exercises, and enjoy the activity. This is the way to become healthier and more beautiful.
If you decide to devote your life to professional sports, do not forget that sometimes you will have to risk your health for victories.